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Laboratory Technology

Powder Characteristics Tester PT-X Powder Property Evaluation

Fig. Powder characteristics tester PT-X

Fig. Powder characteristics tester PT-X

Summary

The Hosokawa Micron Powder Characteristics Tester called as “Powder Tester” is measuring instrument for the indexes of the “Flowability & Floodability” of dry powder. They were defined by Mr. R.L. Carr (Carr Index) to measure 10 individual powder characteristics, such as angle of repose, cohesion, bulk density and to calculate using with Carr’s index table. Mr. Carr (American mining engineer) has measured more than 1000 powder samples to complete the Carr’s Index Table.
Hosokawa Micron Corporation has developed “Powder Tester” as powder characteristics measuring evaluation. Since the first model of “Powder Tester” PT-A commercialized in 1969, the model changes have been repeated in 40 years. More than 3000 units have been delivered to the customers and have been working all over the world. The customers are using the “Powder Tester” for the purpose of product quality control, design and optimization of production process, or new material development in various business fields, such as secondary battery material, toner or pharmaceutical materials. Hosokawa has completed the PT-X as the 9th model for reflecting the voice of worldwide users. It realizes “global standard of powder characteristics evaluation” by improving accuracy, repeatability, and easier operation.

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Principle

<Measurable characteristics>

• Bulk density and related values
Aerated Bulk Density, Taped (Packed) Bulk Density. Compressibility

• Angles
Angle of Repose, Angle of Spatula, Angle of Fall and Angle of Difference.

• Others
Cohesion or Uniformity and Dispersibility

<Options>

• Equilibrium tapped bulk density
It is measured manually till the packed volume converges within the set value.

• PSD measurement (JIS compatible)
Gives the diameter of d10, d50, d60 and d90 respectively by sieving. The unit can be mounted with maximum 12 stages of sieve drums.

• Automatical measurement of tapped density based on USP, JP, ASTM and Kawakita’s method
The unit (Fig.1) can measure automatically the tapped density with graduated measuring cylinder (USP, United states of Pharmacopoeia). This unit can also supply the others measuring methods of tapped bulk density, such as based on JP (Japanese Pharmacopoeia), ASTM (America Society for Testing and Materials) and Kawakita’s evaluation method. This unit can automatically monitor the powder volume by image analysis and the charging continues till the preset point.

Fig.1 PT-X integrated with automatic measurement of taping density

Fig.2 Example of operating screen

Fig.3 Various flowability for each powders

Features

Easy operation

Operator friendly monitor instruction and the improved parts design. Total operation time is shortened to 77% compared to the previous model (For this model, total 20 minutes to complete all the analysis.)
No individual operator’s error by following operating instruction shown on the PC monitor (Fig.2) 5 languages are available, Japanese, English, German, Chinese, or Korean (All overseas languages are available as option). The operating software has new functions such as CSV output of the data, controlling the access level to the data, etc. to satisfy the customer’s requests.

High accuracy and reproducibility

Fully redesigned the moving parts such as vibration and tapping parts give high accuracy. PT-X minimizes a personal error such as measurement of angle or falling motion by shocker. Storage of every measuring condition repeats to set the same condition as the past.

Dedusting function

PT-X is designed for air tight structure to prevent a leakage of dust. For the dusty powders, vacuum cleaner can be connected to the PT-X to aspirate the ambient. Optional manual sampling feeder helps to feed the material without opening the enclosure while operating.

Measurement of small volume sample

Optional small table for measurement of angle of repose and bulk density cup can apply for small volume sample.

Statistical analysis software (equipment supplied since 2018/12)

Dedicated statistical analysis software(equipment supplied since 2018/12)
It is possible to easily analysis by only reading measured results obtained by PT=X is available without high level kwnoledge.
Following three values can be easily obtained by this software.
1. Representative values of data ( Average, Standard deviation)
2. Difference between data (Statistical significance test)
3. Relationship between data (Correlation coefficients)

Applications

Hundreds of science and engineering articles use the measuring data from the series of Powder Characteristics Tester.

Relationship between critical discharge outlet and flowability index (Fig.4)

The difficulty (bridging level) of discharging the powder from a hopper as a dischargeable minimum diameter, it introduces the following relationship. (11th Proceedings of the symposium on powder science and technology, vol.36, 1977)

Fig.4 Relationship between critical discharging diameter and flowability index

Moisture and flowability index (Fig.5)

The moisture content of the powder greatly affects the flowability index. Varying moisture causes troubles in handling the powder because of the change in flowability index corresponding to the moisture. In order to prevent such trouble, it is necessary to understand the influence of moisture content to the flowability index. (Kagaku kikai gijutsu, vol.22, 155, Soc. of Chemical Engineers, Japan, 1970, Maruzen Publishing Co.)

Fig.5 Relationship between moisture content and flowability index

Mixing speed and flowability index (Fig.6)

It is important to consider the coefficient of mixing speed in mixing process. The flowability index of powders affects to the mixing coefficient, PT-X gives the policy to the controlling mixing process by applying the relationship between the flowability index of powder before mixing and the coefficient of mixing speed. (Journal of the Society of Powder Technology, Japan, vol.9, 82, 1972)

Fig.6 Estimation of mixing coefficient by flowability index

Relationship between human feeling and flowability and floodability indices (Fig.7)

A pharmaceutical company conducted a detailed investigation as to whether the flowability and the floodability indices determined by the Powder Characteristics Tester conform to the feeling of persons actually handling the powder. The authors reported that the flowability index obtained by intuitive methods conforms to the results obtained by Powder Characteristics Tester.

Fig.7 Relationship between flowability index and human feeling

Tapping condition is adjustable.
Table 1 shows the range.

Table 1 Specifications of tapping function

Other information

Attention

Dear Customers,

Thank you for using our Powder Characteristics Tester PT-X.

We found a few customers have a problem of the deterioration of the damper which is supporting the acrylic cover.
This is because, the PT-X was started to deliver six years ago.

We adopt the design applied the damper for the acrylic cover of PT-X to prevent accidents such as finger stuffing by conforming to the CE marking.
Therefore, repeating the forcibly closing of the cover by applying force more than its own weight will accelerate the deterioration of the damper.

Accordingly, please close the cover by its own weight after closing it to 45 degrees manually.

Please contact our sales representative or the following contact address, if you have doubts that the damper is not operate sufficiently.

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